Essay decolonization algeria

The end for me is not very far off any more.

Essay decolonization algeria

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. European expansion since The global expansion of western Europe between the s and the s differed in several important ways from the expansionism and colonialism of previous centuries.

Along with the rise of the Industrial Revolution, which economic historians generally trace to the s, and the continuing spread of industrialization in the empire-building countries came a shift in the strategy of trade with the colonial world. Instead of being primarily buyers of colonial products and frequently under strain to offer sufficient salable goods to balance the exchangeas in the past, the industrializing nations increasingly became sellers in search of markets for the growing volume of their machine-produced goods.

Essay decolonization algeria

Furthermore, over the years there occurred a decided shift in the composition of demand for goods produced in the colonial areas.

Spices, sugar, and slaves became relatively less important with the advance of industrialization, concomitant with Essay decolonization algeria rising demand for raw materials for industry e.

Frantz Fanon | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This shift in trading patterns entailed in the long run changes in colonial policy and practice as well Essay decolonization algeria in the nature of colonial acquisitions. The urgency to create markets and the incessant pressure for new materials and food were eventually reflected in colonial practices, which sought to adapt the colonial areas to the new priorities of the industrializing nations.

Such adaptation involved major disruptions of existing social systems over wide areas of the globe. Before the impact of the Industrial Revolution, European activities in the rest of the world were largely confined to: However disruptive these changes may have been to the societies of Africa, South Americaand the isolated plantation and white-settler colonies, the social systems over most of the Earth outside Europe nevertheless remained much the same as they had been for centuries in some places for millennia.

Old NCERT World History Ch9: Imperialism & Colonization

These societies, with their largely self-sufficient small communities based on subsistence agriculture and home industry, provided poor markets for the mass-produced goods flowing from the factories of the technologically advancing countries; nor were the existing social systems flexible enough to introduce and rapidly expand the commercial agriculture and, later, mineral extraction required to supply the food and raw material needs of the empire builders.

The adaptation of the nonindustrialized parts of the world to become more profitable adjuncts of the industrializing nations embraced, among other things: The classic illustration of this last policy is found in India.

For centuries India had been an exporter of cotton goods, to such an extent that Great Britain for a long period imposed stiff tariff duties to protect its domestic manufacturers from Indian competition.

Yet, by the middle of the 19th century, India was receiving one-fourth of all British exports of cotton piece goods and had lost its own export markets.

Clearly, such significant transformations could not get very far in the absence of appropriate political changes, such as the development of a sufficiently cooperative local elite, effective administrative techniques, and peace-keeping instruments that would assure social stability and environments conducive to the radical social changes imposed by a foreign power.

Consistent with these purposes was the installation of new, or amendments of old, legal systems that would facilitate the operation of a money, business, and private land economy. Tying it all together was the imposition of the culture and language of the dominant power. The changing nature of the relations between centres of empire and their colonies, under the impact of the unfolding Industrial Revolution, was also reflected in new trends in colonial acquisitions.


While in preceding centuries colonies, trading posts, and settlements were in the main, except for South America, located along the coastline or on smaller islands, the expansions of the late 18th century and especially of the 19th century were distinguished by the spread of the colonizing powers, or of their emigrants, into the interior of continents.

Such continental extensions, in general, took one of two forms, or some combination of the two: At the heart of Western expansionism was the growing disparity in technologies between those of the leading European nations and those of the rest of the world.

Differences between the level of technology in Europe and some of the regions on other continents were not especially great in the early part of the 18th century. In fact, some of the crucial technical knowledge used in Europe at that time came originally from Asia. During the 18th century, however, and at an accelerating pace in the 19th and 20th centuries, the gap between the technologically advanced countries and technologically backward regions kept on increasing despite the diffusion of modern technology by the colonial powers.

The most important aspect of this disparity was the technical superiority of Western armaments, for this superiority enabled the West to impose its will on the much larger colonial populations.

Advances in communication and transportation, notably railroads, also became important tools for consolidating foreign rule over extensive territories.

And along with the enormous technical superiority and the colonizing experience itself came important psychological instruments of minority rule by foreigners:Colonialism, Western - European expansion since The global expansion of western Europe between the s and the s differed in several important ways from the expansionism and colonialism of previous centuries.

Along with the rise of the Industrial Revolution, which economic historians generally trace to the s, and the . Biography Early life.

Essay decolonization algeria

Frantz Fanon was born on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French colony and is now a French father, Félix Casimir Fanon, was a descendant of African slaves and indentured Indians and worked as a customs agent. His mother, Eléanore Médélice, was of black Martinician and white .

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