People who possess a strong work ethic embody certain principles that guide their work behavior, leading them to produce high-quality work consistently and without the prodding that some individuals require to stay on track.
Unfortunately, laments the author, a good professional is considered someone who is, above all, an expert and not someone who is morally committed to what he or she does or, consequently, to society in general.
This is particularly true in health professions, since professionals of this field must have their expert knowledge embedded within a context of a morally-committed professional community.
Professionalism as a Virtue When I wrote the book Public Virtues I included professionalism among the virtues that characterize our current era.
I believed that professionalism was a value on the rise and was highly regarded in societies where knowledge had and would continue to play an increasingly crucial role. Nonetheless, my view of professionalism as a virtue was formulated more that fifteen years ago and with a question mark.
My reasoning was based on the feeling that the sense of professionalism most commonly exhibited these days is far being what we could consider a moral virtue. More and more, the concept of a good professional tends to be linked to that of an expert, a person who is competent in a certain field of knowledge, and not the ideal of a person who is committed to and morally responsible for the functions or activities they carry out.
I am speaking of something I wrote some time ago, as I Flexible work practices and firm characteristics essay before.
If I bring it up now, running the risk of sounding immodest by beginning this reflection by quoting myself, it is only to corroborate that I maintain my point of view as expressed then. Indeed, the common popular definition of professionalism, or even of professional excellence, regardless of the profession in question, is related to scientific and technical competence, to possessing knowledge and set of specific skills and abilities.
A good professional is, above all, an expert; not a person who is morally committed to what they do and, by extension, to society as a whole. This definition of professionalism-or professional excellence, which is really the same-reveals the reductionism and simplification typical of a world that judges a person's behavior more on its results than on the principles they should follow and serve.
In a way, professionalism is equivalent to a job well done.
However, the concept of work has also been reduced to a certain technical skill, a practical ability, which does not go beyond doing things materially well. A good architect should design buildings that do not fall down; a good engineer should build bridges that do not collapse: In any case, having the necessary scientific and technical competence is, undoubtedly, the first moral duty of a professional.
However it is not the only one, as professional responsibility requires something more. It requires more in all professions, regardless of their projection and social density, but particularly in those whose aim and purpose is the quality of human life, such as the healthcare professions.
In this article, I intend to define the elements of this moral plus required of professional excellence in general and, particularly, in the healthcare field. It is not difficult, in principle, to assign a plus of moral excellence to healthcare professions.
Medicine was the first profession to create a code of ethics, in a time when the profession did not even exist as such. The Hippocratic texts, in theory, shape a physician's ethos, their method. This behavior must focus not only on the patient's best interests, but also on upholding the physician's reputation and that of the profession.
Due to the complexity of the art in question, this behavior must take into account all those affected. Life is short, and the Art long; the occasion fleeting; experience fallacious, and judgment difficult. The physician must not only be prepared to do what is right himself, but also to make the patient, the attendants, and externals cooperate.
Hippocratic Treatises, "Aphorisms" Chinese philosopher Confucius wrote: It should not be understood only as a means to cure, but as a moral commitment to preventing all avoidable suffering.
A practice based on love and respect for others that, as in the Hippocratic oath, should be ruled by the principle of not harming and doing good, respecting patients without discrimination.
More than a practice based on laws, Confucius and his followers understood medicine as a practice based on the cultivation of virtue, which, in turn, is nurtured by feelings such as piety, shame and respect.
We should treat the patients as our mothers. Tianchen Li, Ming Dynasty Whoever comes to seek cure must be treated like your own relatives regardless of their social status, family economic conditions, appearances, ages, races, and mental abilities.
Simiao Sun, Tang Dynasty  Since such ideas were written twenty five hundred years ago, in general, the goal of medicine has not changed. On one hand, the patient must be cared for, preserved from harm, avoiding corruption and injustice.
On the other hand, a good collaborative relationship with other members of the profession must be established. Although Hippocrates had already mentioned that one of a physician's aims is to preserve their good reputation, it was Thomas Percivala philosopher and physician famous for his moral tales for children and author of codes of medical ethics, who stressed the need to go beyond individual actions in professional practice.
In his view, a professional must be able to put the patient's interests and those of the general public before their own.
The positive public image of medical practice is as important as dedication to the patient. The theory is rarely questioned, but practice is still a long way from truly reflecting this. In real life, scientific excellence does not always go hand in hand with ethical excellence because personal interests take precedence over general interests or the interests of others.
The dangers of medical practice laid out in the great classics of medical deontology are exacerbated as the profession becomes more commercial and knowledge more specialized and technical.
Max Weberin his theory of the profession, a term he compared to "vocation", warned of the first of these threats. The word Beruf, used by Weber to refer to different human occupations or activities, can mean both "divine calling" and "human profession".
The idea came from Luther in his translation of the Bible, where he compared contemplative monastic life, which he himself held in low esteem, to professional life in order to highlight the importance of the latter as an explicit expression of love for one's neighbor.
The duality of profession and vocation allows Weber to express the loss of vocational spirit in human activities, reducing them to mere professions in which bureaucracy and profit seeking inhibit any other purpose.The majority work in even smaller firms—almost half of all lawyers in private practice are solo practitioners.
Another 20 percent are employed by firms of 10 attorneys or fewer, according to the American Bar Association’s Lawyer Demographics report. Employment in a small law firm presents a unique set of advantages. Prevent Plagiarism. Identify unoriginal content with the world’s most effective plagiarism detection solution.
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Using the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm as an underpinning theoretical framework, this paper examines several components of Strategic HRM including human capital (i.e.
employees) capability and behaviour, human resource systems (policies and practices) and strategic fit (horizontal and vertical).
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Gender differences in employment and why they matter (box continues on next page) BOX Closing the access gap—Recent advances in female. Flexible work arrangements use power or technology and use organizations flexibility to devise a work structure which enables employees to work from anywhere.
flexible work arrangements have implications on control (Authority relationships), norms for . the firm eg skill enhancement practices are best considered in an organisational characteristics. They focused on practices designed management training budget on behavioural skills training.
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