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April Pre-colonial history[ edit ] Gate of the palace of Ternate Sultanate. Ternate and neighbouring Tidore were the world's major producer of cloves upon which their rulers became among the wealthiest and most powerful sultans in the Indonesian region.
Much of their wealth, however, was wasted fighting each other. Up until the Dutch completed the colonization of Maluku in the 19th century, the sultans of Ternate ruled empires that claimed at least nominal influence as far as AmbonSulawesi and Papua. It engaged in fierce competition for control of its periphery with the nearby sultanate of Tidore.
According to historian Leonard Andaya, Ternate's "dualistic" rivalry with Tidore is a dominant theme in the early history of the Maluku Islands.
In part as a result of its trade-dependent culture, Ternate was one of the earliest places in the region to which Islam spread, probably coming from Java in the late 15th century. Initially, the faith was restricted to Ternate's small ruling family, and spread only slowly to the rest of the population.
Europeans[ edit ] Early map of northern Maluku made during the Age of Discovery.
North is on the right, with Ternate as the rightmost followed by TidoreMare, Moti and Makian islands. The bottom is the Gilolo Jailolo or Halmahera Island. The inset on the top is Bacan Island. Willem BlaeuSultan of Ternates guard.
Colonial era painting of Ternate island. Sultan Abu Lais of Ternate heard of their stranding, and, seeing a chance to ally himself with a powerful foreign nation, he brought them to Ternate in The Portuguese were permitted to build a fort Kastella on the island, construction of which began in Relations between the Ternateans and Portuguese were strained from the start.
An outpost far from Europe generally only attracted the most desperate and avaricious, such that the generally poor behaviour of the Portuguese combined with feeble attempts at Christianisation, strained relations with Ternate's Muslim ruler,  as did their efforts to monopolise the spice trade and dominate local politics.
He converted to Christianity and changed his name to Dom Manuel. After being declared innocent of the charges against him he was sent back to reassume his throne; he died en route in Malacca in When Sultan Hairun was executed and his head exhibited on a pike inMuslim Ternateans rebelled against the Portuguese who were besieged in their castle until when a new Sultan made the castle his palace.
European power in the region was weak and Ternate became an expanding, fiercely Islamic and anti-Portuguese state under the rule of Sultan Baab Ullah r.BGP Looking Glass links collection with IPv4, IPv6 features and Internet eXchanges.
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