The abbey became a Princely Abbey Reichsabtei. As the abbey became more involved in local politics, it entered a period of decline.
Overview[ edit ] The Plan depicts an entire Benedictine monastic compound including churches, houses, stables, kitchens, workshops, brewery, infirmary, and even a special house for bloodletting.
The Plan was never actually built, and was so named because it was kept at the famous medieval monastery library of the Abbey of St.
Gallwhere it remains to this day. It was drawn in a scriptorium in Reichenau in the third decade of the 9th century, dedicated to Abbot Gozbert — of Saint Gall. It is drawn to an "unusual" scale of 1: The reverse of the Plan was inscribed in the 12th century, after it had been folded into book form, with the Life of Saint Martin by Sulpicius Severus.
About partly rhyming appendices in the handwritings of two different scribes describe the functions of the buildings.
The dedication to Abbot Gozbert is written in the margin.
A copy of the plan Because the plan does not correspond to any place that was actually built,  just about every aspect of the Plan is disputed by modern scholars.
Debates continue on things such as which system of measurement was used; whether the scale is a single scale for the entire plan or varied for different elements; if the plan is a copy from a lost prototype or the original; if it is reflective of a single individual's ideas, or those of monastic council.
Despite the unknowns, much has been learned about medieval life from the Plan. The absence of heating in the dining hall, for instance, may not have been an oversight but was meant to discourage excessive enjoyment of meals. In the quarters for the — monks, their guests, and visitors, the ratio of toilet seats was better than what modern hygienic codes would prescribe.
The text reads [as translated by Horn into English] For thee, my sweetest son Gozbertus, have I drawn this briefly annotated copy of the layout of the monastic buildings, with which you may exercise your ingenuity and recognize my devotion, whereby I trust you do not find me slow to satisfy your wishes.
Do not imagine that I have undertaken this task supposing you to stand in need of our instruction, but rather believe that out of love of God and in the friendly zeal of brotherhood I have depicted this for you alone to scrutinise.
Farewell in Christ, always mindful of us, Amen. Haec tibi dulcissime fili cozb er te de posicione officinarum paucis examplata direxi, quibus sollertiam exerceas tuam, meamq ue devotione m utcumq ue cognoscas, qua tuae bonae voluntari satisfacere me segnem non inveniri confido.
Ne suspiceris autem me haic ideo elaborasse, quod vos putemus n ost ris indigere magisteriis, sed potius ob amore m dei tibi soli p er scrutinanda pinxisse amicabili fr ater nitatis intuitu crede.
Vale in Chr ist o semp er memor n ost ri ame n. A single-volume condensed edition was published in as The Plan of St. Gall - In Brief. According to Horn, the Plan was a copy of an original blueprint of an ideal monastery created at two Carolingian reform synods held at Aachen in and The purpose of the synods was to establish Benedictine monasteries throughout the Carolingian Empire as a bulwark against encroaching Christian monastic missionaries from Britain and Ireland who were bringing Celtic lifestyle influences to the Continent see Celtic art.
Adso a character in the book mentions actual monasteries that he had seen in Switzerland and France St. Gall, Cluny, Fontenaybut the standard of "proportion" most likely alludes to the Carolingian 9th century "Plan of St. Gall," which sets forth an architectural plan for an ideal monastery.
This became the inspiration for the book, but was also the first in a tradition of modeling the plan. More recently the Plan has been modeled on computers using CAD software. The construction project includes plans to build a medieval monastery according to the early ninth-century Plan of Saint Gall using techniques from that era.
The long-term financing of the project is to come from revenue generated from the site's operation as a tourist attraction.One of the inscriptions on the Plan itself states that it was designed for Gozbert, the abbot of St. Gall ( A.D.) and the person responsible for building the monastery's great Carolingian church in .
The Plan of Saint Gall is a famous medieval architectural drawing of a monastic compound dating from the early 9th century. It is preserved in the Stiftsbibliothek Sankt Gallen, Ms It is the only surviving major architectural drawing from the roughly year period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the 13th century.
The Abbey of Saint Gall (German: Abtei St. Gallen) is a dissolved abbey (–) in a Roman Catholic religious complex in the city of St. Gallen in Switzerland. Something caught my eye, under the section for further reading. It was a reference to Walter Horn and Ernest Bom's 3-volume publication The Plan of St.
Gall. The description read as follows: $ and worth every penny.
St. Gall was a ninth century Carolingian monastery, and more complex and fascinating a system than anything filled with transistors.
Diagram of the St. Gall Monastery Plan. "The Plan of St. Gall" by Karlfried Froehlich. Book review of the Horn and Born book, background information of the plan.
Book review of the Horn and Born book, background information of the plan. Campus Galli - Karolingische Klosterstadt Meßkirch Website of the project, building the plan in full-scale.